Leila Nicolas Rahbani, PhD
Paper Presented at The 21st Intl Conference on the Persian Gulf
Bandar Abbas, 5-7 March, 2013
In this phase, and as the international system had reached a new stage marked by a series of highly disruptive events; i.e. the failure of American war on terror, the fall down of the international financial system, nuclear proliferation, the developments in the Arab world and the decrease of American control on the international organizations... These disruptions have contributed to a growing sense of doubt about the old system; leading to major shifts in the international scene, i.e. shift towards Asia, the waning influence of the west, to the re-emergence of Russia and other regional powers in the international scene especially after the Syrian crisis.
As for the rest of the world, the image and legitimacy of Western leadership have deteriorated spectacularly after the Arab uprisings. The western understanding of the world is no longer universal, while the very notion of universal values is openly under attack, especially after what have been seen as western hypocrisy on the Arab uprisings.
Western leadership is on the wane internationally. The United States is losing its influence on the global economic stage. Americans and Europeans are no longer able to control international decisions alone. No major issue at the international scene - as it is has been seen in the Syrian crisis- can be dealt with without the help of Russia, China and other regional powers like Iran.
Nonetheless, It is clear that the new world order of American dominance is fading; however no clear leadership or rules have replaced this till now. Multi polar blocs will become a reality. International order is heading towards the emergence of strategic blocs that will converge and diverge according to the national interests in each case.
These issues and conclusions will be discussed in my paper.